The Common Eye Conditions And Treatment Options

A comprehensive list of common eye conditions and treatment options can help you deal with your eyesight. Several different conditions may affect your eyes, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Some treatment options include vision correction, contact lenses, or eye surgery.


Having cataracts is painful and can affect your ability to see clearly. While cataracts are one of the most common eye conditions, based on eye education Virginia Beach VA, there are treatments to help you keep your eyes healthy.

There are three main types of cataracts. There are idiopathic, inherited, and traumatic. Abnormal interactions between lens proteins cause the idiopathic type.

The inherited type is a genetic disorder. The traumatic type is caused by injury or trauma.

Cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss in the United States. More than half of adults have cataracts by the time they reach 80 years of age.


Glaucoma symptoms include vision loss, tunnel vision, and extreme pain. In most cases, glaucoma is diagnosed by an eye doctor during a routine eye exam.

Glaucoma is caused by high pressure inside the eye. This pressure damages the optic nerve, which transmits visual data to the brain. The damage may be gradual or sudden. In either case, vision loss can occur if glaucoma is left untreated.

The most common form of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. In open-angle glaucoma, the aqueous humor (the fluid that fills the eye) drains too slowly. This causes the pressure inside the eye to rise. This can lead to severe pain, redness, and nausea.


Generally diagnosed by an ophthalmologist, nystagmus is a disorder that causes repetitive, involuntary eye movements. These movements may affect the ability to focus on objects, balance, and depth perception.

Nystagmus is sometimes hereditary, so you must see your family doctor if you think you might have it. Your doctor will evaluate your symptoms and perform a physical examination. He will also check for underlying problems such as general health issues or drug use. He may also perform a CT scan or MRI to determine the root of the problem.


A doctor may discover that you have presbyopia during a routine eye exam. The condition is caused by the lens of your eye becoming less flexible and hardening over time. This decrease in flexibility can result in blurry vision when looking at close objects.

Your eye relies on a clear, dome-shaped cornea and a flexible lens to focus light. Unfortunately, as you age, the lens becomes less elastic and hardens, making it harder for you to focus on close objects.

Macular degeneration

Having a comprehensive eye exam can detect macular degeneration in its early stages. This can help prevent permanent loss of vision.

During an eye exam, an ophthalmologist will use an eye microscope to examine your retina. The doctor will look for drusen, yellow deposits under the retina, which indicate macular degeneration. If drusen are found, they can cause visible vision loss.

The doctor will also check for other eye health problems during the eye exam. They will also use an ophthalmoscope to examine the eye.

Retinal detachment

Several types of surgery can treat retinal detachment. You will need to consult your eye care provider to determine which type is best for you. Some surgeries can be performed in the doctor’s office, while others can be in a hospital.

Some people will recover fully from retinal detachment, while others will have problems. The outlook for your vision depends on the division’s severity, age, and underlying condition.

You should seek immediate care if you experience multiple symptoms, including floaters, sudden eye movement, and light flashes. An ophthalmologist or emergency room should also evaluate you. A dilated eye exam can help diagnose retinal detachment.


Whether an infection or allergies cause it, conjunctivitis is an eye condition that can be uncomfortable. There are several types of conjunctivitis, so it is essential to know your symptoms and treat them as soon as possible. It is important to remember that if you do not treat conjunctivitis, it can lead to further eye problems.

Symptoms can include irritation, pain, and redness of the eye. Depending on the cause, the condition may be mild, moderate, or severe. The most common causes of a red eye are viral and bacterial infections.


Usually present at birth, strabismus is a common eye disorder that can affect vision permanently. It is often caused by a neurological condition or problem with the eye muscle. The primary aim of treatment is to restore proper ocular alignment. Treatment options include glasses, patching, orthoptic exercises, and surgery.

During treatment, your doctor will observe your eyes’ internal and external structures. They will check for any eye disease or disease that could be causing the strabismus. They may also use prisms to determine whether the eyes are properly aligned.